Saint Lucia is a fertile island country in the Caribbean Sea. Its closest neighbours are the islands of Martinique, to the north, and Saint Vincent, to the south-west. It was formed by volcanic activity. Its geographic features include a central ridge of mountains, many rivers and boiling sulphur springs. There is much to appreciate about Saint Lucia and the things the island is known for, including its majestic Piton Mountains, drive-in volcano, refreshing waterfalls, spectacular hiking trails, beautiful beaches, local street parties and exclusive restaurants. Saint Lucia is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament of two legislative houses; its head of state is the British monarch, represented by the governor-general, and the head of government is the prime minister. Caribs replaced early Arawak inhabitants c. 800–1300. St. Lucia’s physical features are strikingly beautiful. Dominated by high peaks and rain forests in the interior, the 616- square-kilometer island is known for the twin peaks of Gros Piton and Petit Piton on the southwestern coast, its soft sandy beaches, and its magnificent natural harbors. Saint Lucia is a popular tourism site due to its tropical weather and scenery and for its large number of beaches and resorts. The island dates back to British and French rule in the 18th century. It is also known for its unique cuisine, exciting sports and adventure activities. Lucia is arguably the most beautiful of all Caribbean Islands with its two UNESCO World Heritage designated Pitons standing proud. The Gros and Petit Pitons are two mountainous volcanic plugs that definitely contribute to the island’s beauty. The Culture of Saint Lucia blends the influences of African, French, and English heritage. The official language of the island is English but Kreole, a form of French patois, remains an influential secondary language. The people are predominantly Catholic but the religious climate is tolerant.